The budget of the Japan Arts Council is divided into three categories: the Japan Arts Fund budget, the National Theatre budget, and the New National Theatre budget.
The Japan Arts Fund budget is used mainly for grants to promote artistic and cultural activities in Japan. Its main source of revenue is the Japan Arts Fund (66 billion yen) plus grants for operating costs from the government.
The National Theatre budget is used mainly for financing the expenses of public performances of traditional performing arts, training of artists and technical staff, research, studies and data collections of traditional performing arts. It is also used to finance the Digital Cultural Library, maintenance and management of facilities, remuneration for management and personnel, and management consignment of the National Theatre Okinawa, etc. Its main source of revenue are ticket admission fees and facilities rental charges, government grants used to cover operating costs, and subsidies for facility maintenance.
The New National Theatre budget is used mainly for management consignment of the New National Theatre, facility maintenance including large equipment. Its main source of revenue is facilities rental charges and grants for operating costs from the government.